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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Paradiplomacy and the democratisation of foreign policy in South Africa
Author:Nganje, Fritz
Periodical:South African Journal of International Affairs (ISSN 1938-0275)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:international relations
regional government
foreign policy
Abstract:Over the years, the logic that decentralization is the territorial twin of democracy has been employed in the domain of foreign policy to advocate for the transfer of international relations prerogatives to subnational governments (SNGs). Proponents of this argument contend that, because of the proximity of SNGs to local communities, the territorial decentralization of elements of foreign policy, or paradiplomacy, has the potential to engender greater citizen awareness, interest and participation in international affairs, and thus contribute to the democratization of foreign policy. This paper draws insight from the paradiplomacy of three South African provinces to assess the extent to which the foreign relations of provincial governments represent a model process that contributes to the democratization of foreign policy. It argues that, in the absence of effective mechanisms to promote meaningful deliberation, accountability, transparency and representation in the provinces, paradiplomacy has done little more than encourage the monopolization by subnational elites of the few foreign policy prerogatives that Pretoria has transferred to provincial governments. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]