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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Power-sharing in Zanzibar: from zero-sum politics to democratic consensus?
Authors:Nassor, Aley Soud
Jose, JimISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies (ISSN 1465-3893)
Geographic term:Zanzibar
conflict resolution
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03057070.2014.896719
Abstract:Power-sharing has become a common strategy to resolve political conflicts in Africa. However, it has rarely survived for very long, and much of the scholarship on power-sharing remains largely negative. Yet Zanzibar's power-sharing approach, adopted in 2010, points to a more positive democratic possibility. The authors explore the background to this development, note some of the issues behind the move to power-sharing, and look briefly at its implementation following the 2010 elections. The authors argue that Zanzibar's power-sharing strategy appears to have ended the zero-sum nature of Zanzibari politics, ushering in a more consensus-based approach reminiscent of Julius Nyerere's concept of ujamaa. For Nyerere ujamaa was a specifically African alternative to the institutionalised oppositional politics of western liberal democracy. The authors conclude that Zanzibar's experiment in power-sharing demonstrates that a multi-party political system need not be structured according to a two-party oppositional model in order to achieve stable and functional democratic government. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]