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Title:Resettlement and food security nexus in Ethiopia: a case from Nonno resettlement sites, Central Ethiopia: synopsis of a PhD dissertation
Author:Mulugeta, Messay
Periodical:Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities (ISSN 1810-4487)
Geographic term:Ethiopia
food security
environmental management
External link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/90014
Abstract:This paper summarizes a dissertation whose main purpose was to investigate whether or not the current government-sponsored resettlement programme is a successful option to attain sustainable food security and improved livelihoods in rural Ethiopia. Systematic and purposive sampling techniques were used to select sample households both from the host and the resettler communities in and around the resettlement sites. Livelihood frameworks, IRR Model and different food security indices were adopted to holistically examine the overall well-being and food security status of the resettler households. The results revealed that quite a large number of the resettler households were able to produce sufficient food for their family at least for the moment. However, the current traditional agricultural production systems seem to be environment-unfriendly and ruinous to the expected sustainable development in the area. Erratic rainfall, scarcity of moisture and soil degradation have been the main driving forces of impoverishment and food insecurity in the sending areas, and the subsequent massive and prolonged population displacement over the last couple of decades. The results also show that resettlement-induced risks can be eased through comprehensive resettlement implementation strategy incorporating clear duties and responsibilities of the resettlers, the host, aid agencies, NGOs and government bodies. In cases when/where planned resettlement is inevitable, the following points should be taken into account to minimize possible risks: comprehensive planning, unhurried and deliberate implementation, well thought-out and genuine recruitment and site selection procedures, adequate understanding of the causes and consequences of environmental degradation as well as environmental protection practices, and efficient assistance to the resettlers. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]