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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Extraversion, creolization, and dependency in the Atlantic slave trade
Author:Lindsay, Lisa A.ISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History (ISSN 0021-8537)
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:slave trade
cultural change
political economy
External link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S002185371400005X
Abstract:This article considers the Atlantic slave trade in relation to 'extraversion' in African history. Drawing especially on the work of Jean-François Bayart, it argues that slaving fit a long-term pattern in which elites drew on external connections in order to further their wealth and power at home. In doing so, they also opened their societies to new goods and ideas, thus bringing about cultural creolization. This is a different approach to the question of creolization than is commonly found among Americanist studies of Atlantic slavery, which tend to treat cultural change without consideration of politics. The concept of extraversion thus helps to link culture and political economy. Nevertheless, it also bears refinement. Recent scholarship on African involvement in the Atlantic slave trade - some of it detailed in this article - makes clear that extraversion may have reflected African agency, as Bayart insisted, but that it also entangled African societies in destructive relationships of dependency. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]