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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Zanzibaris or Amakhuwa? Sufi networks in South Africa, Mozambique, and the Indian Ocean
Author:Kaarsholm, PrebenISNI
Year:2014
Periodical:The Journal of African History (ISSN 0021-8537)
Volume:55
Issue:2
Pages:191-210
Language:English
Geographic terms:Mozambique
South Africa
Subjects:Sufism
freedmen
Makua language
communities
diasporas
identity
1950-1999
Link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021853714000085
Abstract:This article investigates the role of Sufi networks in keeping Durban's 'Zanzibari' community of African Muslims together and developing their response to social change and political developments from the 1950s to the post-apartheid period. It focuses on the importance of religion in giving meaning to notions of community, and discusses the importance of the Makua language in maintaining links with northern Mozambique and framing understandings of Islam. The transmission of ritual practices of the Rifaiyya, Qadiriyya, and Shadhiliyya Sufi brotherhoods is highlighted, as is the significance of Maputo as a node for such linkages. The article discusses change over time in notions of cosmopolitanism, diaspora, and belonging, and examines new types of interactions after 1994 between people identifying themselves as Amakhuwa in Durban, South Africa, and Mozambique. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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