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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Securing reform? Power-sharing and civil-security relations in Kenya and Zimbabwe
Author:Noyes, Alexander
Periodical:African Studies Quarterly (ISSN 1093-2658)
Geographic terms:Kenya
political violence
civil-military relations
national security
Abstract:While international actors use power-sharing to resolve a vast range of conflicts in Africa and view State security reform as critical to achieving durable peace, there is a distinct lack of studies that examine the relationship between power-sharing and security sector reform. This paper uses the term 'security sector' to refer only to 'core' security institutions - those authorized to use coercive force - namely the military, police, and intelligence agencie. It argues that, in the cases of Kenya and Zimbabwe, two main factors have determined the divergent security reform outcomes of the respective power-sharing governments: the degree of political influence within the security sector and the strength of the security reform content of the power-sharing agreement. In Zimbabwe, the rise of 'security politics' gave the security sector a high degree of political influence, which, combined with weak security reform content in the power-sharing deal, resulted in little movement on security reforms. In Kenya, the State's loss over the control of violence gave rise to the practice of 'militia politics', leading to a low degree of political influence in the security sector, which, when coupled with strong security reform content, facilitated considerable - albeit halting and not fully implemented - progress on State security reforms. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]