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Title:Students' choice of courses: determining factors, sources of information, and relationship with the labour market demands in Nigeria
Authors:Pitan, Oluyomi Susan
Adedeji, Segun Olugbenga
Periodical:Africa Education Review (ISSN 1753-5921)
Geographic term:Nigeria
career guidance
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/18146627.2014.934997
Abstract:At the point of entry, many prospective undergraduates in Nigeria believe that having a university degree or certificate alone will guarantee employment. Eventually, many will not find employent, possibly because they chose courses that are not labour market relevant. In this study, students who graduated between 1996 and 2006 and who found employment were tracked, and the factors that determined their choice of courses were investigated, as well as their sources of information on career choices. The relationship between courses of study and the demands of the labour market were also determined. The findings indicate that choice of courses was largely based on parents' wishes, ease of admission and cost effectiveness of courses, while labour market relevance was considered less important. Secondary School Guidance Counsellors were very effective sources of information to the employed graduates, but 10. percent of the graduate respondents had no access to career information. Incidentally, there was a positive relationship between course preferences and the demands of the labour market, which suggests that parents and Guidance Counsellors, from whom most of the graduates obtained direction, were aware of labour market activities. Parents and counsellors are therefore equally up-to-date with developments in the labour market, and so can guide prospective students in the right direction. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]