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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Large-scale land deals and local livelihoods in Rwanda: the bitter fruit of a new agrarian model
Author:Ansoms, AnISNI
Periodical:African Studies Review (ISSN 1555-2462)
Geographic term:Rwanda
Subjects:land acquisition
foreign investments
External link:https://doi.org/10.1017/asr.2013.77
Abstract:In a context of globalization and liberalization, Africa is increasingly confronted with the commercialization of its space. Various large-scale actors, including international private investors, investor States, and local entrepreneurs, are constantly seeking to expand their land holdings for the production of food crops or biofuels. This article studies the effect of large-scale foreign and local elite-led land grabbing on the livelihood of local populations. It presents two Rwandan case studies - one relating to a foreign business group that acquired a concessionfor the exploitation of three thousand hectares of land; the other relating to local elites who made use of national policy priorities to gain control over a vast area of land. The article identifies broader processes of agrarian and social change taking place in Rwanda's rural context. It also discusses different approaches to reversing the impacts of the prevailing agrarian model with a view to benefiting local livelihoods. In 2006 and 2007 the author conducted around fifteen focus group interviews in both settings involving a variety of socioeconomic groups. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract, edited]