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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Institutions, security, and pastoralism: exploring the limits of hybridity
Editor:Cleaver, FrancesISNI
Year:2013
Periodical:African Studies Review (ISSN 1555-2462)
Volume:56
Issue:3
Pages:165-189
Language:English
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:pastoralists
natural resource management
governance
militias
Link:https://doi.org/10.1017/asr.2013.84
Abstract:Much contemporary thinking about African development is concerned with the hybrid nature of governance in which official rules and mechanisms combine in various ways with local practices and the norms of moral economy. This article brings nuanced perspectives on 'real' or hybrid governance into engagement with critical institutional theory in order to analyse how hybrid arrangements are formed through bricolage. 'Institutional bricolage' consists of the processes in which people (consciously and nonconsciously) draw on existing social formulae and arrangements (rules, traditions, norms, roles, and relationships) to patch together institutions in response to changing situations. Such a perspective helps to understand governance arrangements as both negotiated and structured, benefiting some and disadvantaging others. To explore these points the article tracks the evolution of the Sungusungu, a hybrid pastoralist security institution in the Usangu Plains, Tanzania. It also considers the wider implications of such hybrid arrangements for livelihoods, social inclusion, distributive justice, and citizenship. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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