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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Violence, decolonisation and the Cold War in Kenya's north-eastern province, 1963-1978
Author:Branch, DanielISNI
Year:2014
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies (ISSN 1753-1063)
Volume:8
Issue:4
Pages:642-657
Language:English
Geographic terms:Kenya
Somalia
Great Britain
Subjects:political violence
boundaries
foreign intervention
1960-1969
1970-1979
Link:https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2014.946331
Abstract:The paper explores the extent to which other domestic political matters and post-colonial ties to Britain shaped the Kenyan Government's actions in northern Kenya between independence in 1963 and the death of President Jomo Kenyatta in 1978. The paper has a particular emphasis on the Shifta ('bandit') War of 1963-1967. Disputes between rival nationalist leaders at independence and doubts about the loyalty of the armed forces meant Kenyatta was more concerned with protecting his regime from the threat of coups and other challenges than he was with using violence to extend State authority in north-eastern Kenya. That same calculation meant Kenyatta looked to Britain for support, in particular in the form of military backing for his government in the event of a coup or invasion from Somalia. The paper argues that the compromises made between British and Kenyan actors allow us to understand the particular nature of the Kenyan State's actions in north-eastern province (NEP), as much of the NFD (Northern Frontier District) became known after independence. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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