Go to AfricaBib home

Go to AfricaBib home AfricaBib Go to database home

bibliographic database
Previous page New search

The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here

Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Urban and rural voting patterns in Senegal: the spatial effects of incumbency, c. 1978-2012
Author:Koter, DominikaISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies (ISSN 0022-278X)
Geographic term:Senegal
rural-urban disparity
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43302042
Abstract:One of the most striking voting patterns in many African elections is the marked difference between urban and rural voters in their willingness to support the incumbent president or party. In many countries, incumbents receive their worst electoral scores in the cities, whereas the countryside votes overwhelmingly for them. This pattern is puzzling because there is no evidence that rural areas benefit more from government policies. On the contrary, most governments in Africa exhibit a pro-urban policy bias. Why then do rural voters support incumbents at higher rates? Using evidence from original interviews with politicians in Senegal, coupled with media coverage from several elections, the author contends that incumbents enjoy higher success in rural vis--vis urban areas because rural voters are more susceptible to clientelism. Tight social structure, cohesion and the prominent role of local patrons facilitate the acquisition of entire blocs of rural voters for the incumbent. These findings are independent of ethnic, religious or party identity. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]