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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The making of the 'informal State' in Uganda
Author:Khisa, Moses
Year:2013
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Volume:38
Issue:1-2
Pages:191-226
Language:English
Geographic term:Uganda
Subjects:State
State-society relationship
legitimacy
Link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ad/article/view/99544
Abstract:This article analyses the evolution, reproduction, and sustenance of what the author refers to as the 'informal State' in Uganda - a distinct mode of organizing and broadcasting power that simultaneously centralizes and fragments the State system. The 'informal State' is manifest in the construction of structures parallel to the legal and constitutional ones. This article departs from other studies of Stateness in Africa that accent colonial legacies, illicit economic activities, and social conflict in accounting for the so-called 'African State' that supposedly fails to approximate to the model (modern) State. Instead he argues that Uganda's 'informal State' is a consequence of three key factors: the country's postindependence experience with wide-spread insecurity and political instability in the 1970s and 1980s, the belief in militarism as an ideology by the new (post-1986) rulers along with the imperatives of retention of political power, and foreign-aid flows as reward for embracing neoliberal economic reforms. The article also shows that the 'informal State' system reproduces its survival and legitimates its rule through maintaining aspects of legal-rational State structures, ceding power to varied constituencies as well as expanding the patronage network through the creation of numerous agencies. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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