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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Smuggling ideologies: from criminalization to hybrid governance in African clandestine economies
Author:Meagher, KateISNI
Year:2014
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society (ISSN 1468-2621)
Volume:113
Issue:453
Pages:497-517
Language:English
Geographic terms:West Africa
East Africa
Subjects:illicit trade
boundaries
images
External link:http://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/113/453/497.abstract
Abstract:This article explores shifting perspectives on African clandestine economies. Previously condemned as products of clientelism and corruption, clandestine economies are attracting renewed interest for their developmental potential in weak State contexts. Focusing on systems of illicit cross-border trade in East and West Africa, this article shows that more favourable views of clandestine trading activities are driven more by their compatibility with liberal reform agendas than by their positive contribution to local development. Indeed, the optimistic turn in perspectives on illicit African trade glosses over its increasingly negative impact on local security and development. While discourses of violence and criminalization were used to characterize the largely peaceful cross-border trading systems in West Africa in the 1990s, new discourses of hybrid governance and State building are used to frame the more violent and socially disruptive cross-border trading complexes of East Africa in the 2000s. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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