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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Old wine in a new bottle: ideological and operational linkages between Maitatsine and Boko Haram revolts in Nigeria
Author:Aghedo, IroISNI
Periodical:African security (ISSN 1939-2214)
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:Islamic movements
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19392206.2014.977169
Abstract:In trying to come to grips with the Boko Haram insurgency that is destabilizing northern Nigeria, some local and international commentators are inclined to trace the source of violent insecurity to the zero-sum ethno-regional struggle over political power and public goods, while others blame it on the jihadist onslaught against open society and secular ideology. Both of these mainstream analytical perspectives have serious shortcomings. Instead, it is more likely that the inability of the state to effectively discharge many of its statutory obligations fuels disenchantment and engenders anti-state violence from below. An earlier uprising, the Maitatsine revolt, broke out in the northern city of Kano in December 1980 and spread to Maiduguri (1982), Kaduna (1982), Jimeta-Yola (1984), and Gombe (1985). The death toll was 10,000 persons before it was suppressed by the military in 1985. Both uprisings are very similar in ideological and operational terms. Instead of accepting that Boko Haram is a 'new war' between ethno-religious groups, it is plausible that it is an outcome of governance and development deficits that have trapped the masses in affliction, while a handful of governing elite live in affluence. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]