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Title:Rebel movements in the DRC: the phenomena of sub-national terrorism and ungoverned spaces
Author:Neethling, Theo
Periodical:African Security Review (ISSN 2154-0128)
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/10246029.2014.951062
Abstract:Despite a generally valiant effort on the part of the United Nations (UN) since 1999 to bring peace and stability to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the country continues to be destabilised by rebel forces. These armed movements pose a constant threat to the fragile transition in the DRC, and security in the country is continuously undermined. This article examines rebel forces in the DRC from two perspectives. Firstly, it examines such movements as a manifestation of sub-national terrorism. Secondly, it examines armed movements from the perspective of so-called 'ungoverned spaces'. The view taken in this article supports the scholarly insight and argument that in countries such as the DRC, armed movements and militias are filling power vacuums that are the result of the inability and lack of military capacity of weak states to fight these movements effectively. Specifically, the eastern and north-eastern parts of the DRC have been major conflict zones where sub-national terrorists employ terror as a strategy. In this context, the DRC is severely affected by terrorism - a phenomenon in the DRC that is intimately linked to the failure to effect sustained development and to consolidate accountable and effective governance. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]