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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Congo wars and the conflict resource debacle: a contemporary perspective
Author:Tsabora, James
Year:2013
Periodical:Journal of African and international law (ISSN 1821-620X)
Volume:6
Issue:3
Pages:477-499
Language:English
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:conflict
war
natural resources
crime
Abstract:The desire to profit from war through illegal natural resource exploitation activities has made economic and financial agendas prominent in warfare on the African continent. It has mainly targeted extractive mineral resources that are high in demand on the global market. This phenomenon has consequently redefined and reshaped the nature of armed conflict in Africa. Most major conflicts, such as the Congo war, bear testimony to this, having seen different conflict actors involved in illicit economic and natural resource activities before the achievement of relative peace. These illegal activities have become a major problematic phenomenon in African modern conflicts and plague African economies whilst enriching individuals and economies of other continents. Recently, there have been concerted efforts to examine and publicize the volume of illicit capital and financial flows out of Africa with a view of finding a holistic solution to the problem. In 2011, the African Union Conference of Ministers of Economy and Finance and the ECA Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development passed a Resolution calling for the assessment and examination of the nature, level and patterns of illicit financial flows from Africa. They encouraged the increase of awareness and through cooperation and collaboration emphasized the need to reduce these flows. This paper describes the nature of the Congo wars of the past decade. In addition, the author puts forward possible points that could be developed further as a way forward in dealing with resource problems in conflict prone areas such as Congo. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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