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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Human trafficking in Edo State (Nigeria): a socio-economic study
Author:Lawal, A.A.
Periodical:Lagos Historical Review (ISSN 1596-5031)
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:human trafficking
sexual offences
social environment
Abstract:The essay is derived from a field study executed in 2009. Its focus is on Benin City, a town in Edo State, Nigeria, that is inhabited mostly by the Bini group, although other groups like the Ishan, Etsako, Akoko-Edo, and Owan are also well represented. It is generally believed that Bini girls/women dominate the sex export to Europe through human trafficking. But there are no reliable statistics to validate this assertion as most commentators engage in a blame game. However, the factors that account for human trafficking include the impact of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970) and especially the six week occupation of the Bendel State by 'Biafran' soldiers who raped girls and women recklessly. Other factors are the corrupt military regimes (1966-1979, 1984-1998) the socio-economic impact of the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) (1986-1993), early physical and sexual abuse of teenage girls, and the collapse of family values and family honour, due to prevalent polygamy, polyandry, adultery, and prostitution in order to satisfy the inordinate ambition for affluence in society. More factors are the absence of parental role models, parental pressure, peer pressure, and societal pressure to 'go get money regardless of how it is earned' and remit some to build houses, supermarkets and buy custom-made cars. The paper gives the details and recommends some measures for the gradual eradication of human trafficking. It emphasizes that many Christians, Muslims and shrine priests are involved in the business just as the Yoruba, Edo, Igbo, Hausa, etc. serve as agents and traffickers. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]