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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Introduction of xenophobia and citizenship: the everyday politics of exclusion and inclusion in Africa
Editors:Fourchard, LaurentISNI
Segatti, AureliaISNI
Year:2015
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute (ISSN 0001-9720)
Volume:85
Issue:1
Pages:2-153
Language:English
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Kenya
Nigeria
South Africa
Subjects:national identity
xenophobia
violence
ethnic relations
foreigners
External link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0001972014000746
Abstract:Recent literature on Africa has focused attention on the increasing number of forms of belonging using different labels: autochthony, nativism, indigeneity, ethnicity, and in some cases xenophobia. In the African contexts, decolonization struggles have specifically shaped the type of nation-building enterprises that have emerged in the postcolonial period. This themed part-issue sheds light on concurrent processes associated with the redefinition of postcolonial citizenships: the exclusion of, mobilization against, and violent suppression of outsiders, but also their inclusion, and the multiple forms taken by subversion and resistance to exclusion. Drawing on case studies from four countries that have all gone through specific types of exclusionary violence over the past two decades: Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa. Contributions: 'Mobutu's ghost': mobilizing against foreign retailers in contemporary Congo (Aurelia Segatti); Bureaucrats and indigenes: producing and bypassing certificates of origin in Nigeria (Laurent Fourchard); Becoming 'cosmo': displacement, development and disguise in Ongata Rongai (Loren B. Landau); Violence and everyday interactions between Katangese and Kasaians: memory and elections in two Katanga cities (Sandrine Vinckel); Articulations of belonging: the politics of ethnic and religious pluralism in Bauchi and Gombe states, North-East Nigeria (Adam Higazi and Jimam Lar); Everyday politics and collective mobilization against foreigners in a South African shack settlement (Tamlyn Monson). Bibliogr., notes, ref., summaries in English and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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