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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Interethnic conflict in Jonglei State, South Sudan: emerging ethnic hatred between the Lou Nuer and the Murle
Author:Yoshida, Yuki
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution (ISSN 1562-6997)
Geographic term:South Sudan
Subjects:conflict resolution
climate change
peacekeeping operations
External link:https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/%ef%bf%bcinterethnic-conflict-in-jonglei-state-south-sudan/
Abstract:The escalation of interethnic conflict between the Lou Nuer and the Murle in Jonglei State of South Sudan is examined. Different causes of the conflicts are reviewed. Special attention is paid to the drastic shift from pastoralist war to ethnic conflict. Historically, interethnic conflicts in Jonglei were best described as environmental conflicts, in which pastoral groups competed over scarce resources for cattle grazing. As the land of the Lou Nuer was often affected by drought, they frequently migrated to Murle territory. This has been a trigger for interethnic clashes and cattle raiding in Jonglei for centuries. Climate change exacerbated resource scarcity and intensified the conflicts. The type of conflict shifted from a resource-driven to an identity-driven conflict after the 2005 government-led civilian disarmament, which destabilized the situation by focusing primarily on the Lou Nuer. The lack of government capability to provide security resulted in clashes leading to the death of 300 Lou Nuers, followed by the retaliatory killing of 450 Murle. The UN mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) was unable to prevent further attacks in 2011. The author concludes with suggestions for post-conflict security reform and the promotion of interethnic co-existence by dialogue. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]