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Title:Reconsidering the 'indigenous peoples' in the Africana context from the perspective of current livelihood and its historical changes: the case of the Sandawe and the Hadza in Tanzania
Author:Yatsuka, Haruna
Periodical:African Study Monographs (ISSN 0285-1601)
Geographic term:Tanzania
indigenous peoples
External link:https://hdl.handle.net/2433/197193
Abstract:The Sandawe and the Hadza are regarded both hunter-gatherer groups in Tanzania, once categorized as among the vulnerable minority groups subjected to flagrant violations against communal and individual rights in East Africa. Today, the Hadza are recognized as 'indigenous peoples' internationally, while the Sandawe are not. To understand the reasons for the different situations, the author compared their current livelihoods and historical changes.Through the comparison, current livelihood patterns and relationships with and support from outsiders were in total contrast between the Hadza and the Sandawe. This article focuses on three points: 1) The Sandawe who mainly engage in agriculture today are not deemed different from the mainstream of the Tanzanian society. 2) The Sandawe's agricultural livelihood leave them free of land violation than would be otherwise if they engaged in hunting and gathering mainly. 3) The agricultural lifestyle of the Sandawe is unbecoming to image of the indigenous peoples. [Journal abstract]