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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Street trade, neoliberalisation and the control of space: Nairobi's Central Business District in the era of entrepreneurial urbanism
Author:Morange, MarianneISNI
Year:2015
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies (ISSN 1753-1063)
Volume:9
Issue:2
Pages:247-269
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:market vendors
informal sector
urban planning
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2015.1018407
Abstract:Studies focusing on street trade in sub-Saharan Africa place great importance on the continuity with the colonial period and on the neocolonial characteristics of public action. This frame of reference, however pertinent it might be, does not account for all of the dynamics at work. The author argues that it can benefit from an additional reading of what she characterises as the neoliberal dynamics also at work in these processes, drawing from governmentality studies and from the theories of 'the urbanisation of neoliberalism'. The article discusses this hypothesis by examining the evolution of spatial politics on the streets of Nairobi's Central Business District (CBD) in the 2000s, focusing on a specific episode: the displacement of the street traders to an enclosed market located on the outskirts of the CBD. The first section considers the policies of street trade in Nairobi since the colonial period and the changes in their meaning under entrepreneurial rule, questioning the hypothesis of the colonial continuity.The author then turns to an analysis of the neoliberal features of current street trade policies. She details the emergence of the private sector as a major actor in the governance of street trade and its instrumental role in the crafting of a consultative procedure that has helped to reframe the traders' relationship to the state around the ideal of the responsible entrepreneurial citizen and contributed to enrolment as active participants in their own relocation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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