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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The drivers of Brazil's expansion into Africa: a critical assessment
Author:Scalco, Priscila
Year:2011
Periodical:Research Review (ISSN 0855-4412)
Volume:27
Issue:1
Pages:35-64
Language:English
Geographic terms:Africa
Brazil
Subjects:foreign policy
international economic relations
South-South relations
Abstract:The rise of neoliberalism and the reorganization of global power allows emerging economies like Brazil to redefine their role in the international arena and challenge the traditional power dynamics between North and South. In this sense, Brazil gears its expansion into Africa, as South-South cooperation discourses are becoming relevant to global governance. Brazil's Africa policy has not always been constant and during the 1990s it stagnated. However, since 2000, and notably since the election of President Lula in 2003, the foreign ministry has recognized the opportunities for expansion into Africa. Making use of soft power strategies, the Brazilian government seems to be increasing its influence on the continent. By analysing Brazil's drivers of expansion in Africa, this article proposes that each driver - cultural ties, technology transfer, commercial opportunities, and South-South cooperation - reinforces a neoliberal rationale that places emerging economies in an ambiguous position of serving interests which do not always translate into mutual benefits. Moreover, Brazilian expansion into Africa allows the country to assume a leading position as representative of a southern constituency, which serves the Brazilian interests. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in English and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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