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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The evolution of Boko Haram: from missionary activism to transnational Jihad and the failure of the Nigerian security intelligence agencies
Authors:Gray, Simon
Adeakin, Ibikunle
Year:2015
Periodical:African security (ISSN 1939-2214)
Volume:8
Issue:3
Pages:185-211
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:fundamentalism
Islam
terrorism
Islamic movements
national security
intelligence services
Link:https://doi.org/10.1080/19392206.2015.1069120
Abstract:As Boko Haram continues to evolve, especially in ideology, tactics, and objectives, such change has called into question how and why this has accrued. Through a qualitative analysis, this study examines key transformations in Boko Haram's evolution with a view of identifying catalysts driving this change. Findings indicate that Boko Haram has undergone four phases of evolution and are linked to Nigeria's security intelligence agencies' counterstrategy and operational countermeasures, concluding this to have resulted from a failure of military and civilian expertise within Nigeria's security intelligence agencies as well as interagency rivalry and a lack of cooperation, cohesion, and oversight. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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