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Title:From combat to non-combat action: private military and security companies and humanitarian assistance operations in Darfur, Sudan
Author:Kwaja, Chris M.A.ISNI
Periodical:African Security Review (ISSN 2154-0128)
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:Darfur conflict
private security services
humanitarian assistance
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/10246029.2015.1020953
Abstract:This paper examines the rationale and centrality of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in humanitarian assistance operations in Sudan, asking why PMSCs are involved in humanitarian assistance operations in Sudan and what the principles underlying their activities are. To answer this question, the paper draws attention to the link between humanitarian crises and PMSC interventions. Where there is no meaningful alternative intervention, undergirded by humanitarian concerns that are also profit driven, PMSCs come in to provide the needed services. The protracted and complicated internal armed conflicts in Sudan, which have lasted for over two decades, have produced as many as 4,8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) - the single largest number in the world. The kind of humanitarian assistance operations provided by PMSCs in Sudan have become critical to the provision of much-needed services which were inadequately provided by governmental authorities at both unilateral and multilateral levels. This paper argues that the humanitarian crises in Sudan created a regime that permits humanitarian assistance operations by both state and non-state actors. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]