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Title:The rhetoric and reality of community empowerment in coastal conservation: a case study from Menai Bay Conservation Area, Tanzania
Author:Shinn, Jamie
Periodical:African Geographical Review (ISSN 1937-6812)
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Subjects:coastal management
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/19376812.2013.878664
Abstract:Coastal areas across the globe are experiencing alarming levels of degradation, including in East Africa. In response, marine conservation efforts in the region are on the rise, many of which claim community empowerment as an essential goal. At the same time, research from geography and cognate disciplines has been working to detail the ways in which conservation practices in Africa can negatively impact communities living in and around protected areas. However, due in part to the much more recent history of coastal conservation, much of this important research is focused on land-based ecosystems. This paper adds to the burgeoning literature on coastal conservation efforts in the region by presenting findings from a case study of a World Bank-funded project in the Menai Bay Conservation Area (MBCA), in Zanzibar, Tanzania. This study combines interview-based fieldwork and a review of policy literature to conclude that while the project in MBCA maintains a strong rhetoric of community involvement, the goal of achieving community empowerment remains elusive. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]