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Title:Resource allocation in extended sibships: an empirical investigation in Senegal
Author:Marazyan, Karine
Periodical:Journal of African Economies (ISSN 0963-8024)
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:foster care
household expenditure
academic achievement
economic models
Abstract:Using data from an original nationally representative survey in Senegal, the author estimates the effect of the widespread practice of child fostering on host children's educational outcomes. She finds that host girls aged six to nine at the arrival of the foster sibling significantly benefit in terms of school enrolment. She does not find any effect on host boys. Although cross-sectional, the survey data enables to implement different estimation strategies to measure the effect of interest limiting estimation bias due to the potential joint determination of decisions to host a foster child and to enrol one's child. Furthermore, the author addresses a second issue commonly encountered by the literature: the identification of the foster children. Two groups are identified: children formally fostered-in and children informally fostered-in. Extending the group of foster children to include children informally fostered-in affects the results. One possible channel for the observed effect on host girls could be the release of liquidity constraints. Indeed the labour supply of mothers increases with the presence of foster girls, likely because foster girls replace them in their household tasks. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]