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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The political ecology of incursions: livestock, protected areas and socio-ecological dynamics in the Mara region of Kenya
Author:Butt, Bilal
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute (ISSN 0001-9720)
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:national parks and reserves
wildlife protection
Abstract:Across the world, the presence of domestic animals in protected areas (PAs) is considered an 'incursion' that threatens the economic and ecological viability of these areas. Dominant narratives about incursions inaccurately describe the relationships between people and PAs because they lack adequate contextualization. In this article, the author relies on a political-ecological framework to argue for an alternative narrative. Through a case study from a PA in southern Kenya, he demonstrates how incursions are modern co-productions that arise from the intersections between changing political geographies of resource control and variable animal geographies of resource utilization, thus clarifying a long-standing debate about the presence of domestic animals in PAs. He relies on direct empirical and supporting evidence from place-based studies to illustrate the spatial and temporal differences in resource access strategies of wildlife and livestock within and outside the PA. He contrasts these against changing land tenure and resource management policies to highlight how livestock movements into PAs are patterned in ways that reflect the changing nature of PA management, the material conditions of the landscape, and the agency of animals. Through these investigations, this paper provides a more accurate and nuanced explanation for livestock movements into PAs. Bibliogr., notes, summary in English and French. [Journal abstract]