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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Hunters-with-sheep': the /Xam Bushmen of South Africa between pastoralism and foraging
Author:McGranaghan, Mark
Year:2015
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute (ISSN 0001-9720)
Volume:85
Issue:3
Pages:521-545
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:San
pastoralists
livestock
wild animals
attitudes
1800-1899
Link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0001972015000297
Abstract:The ability of hunting and gathering populations to adopt herding forms of subsistence constitutes the crux of a long-standing debate in southern African archaeological and anthropological scholarship concerning the spread of livestock to the subcontinent. This article takes as a detailed case study the subsistence strategies of the nineteenth-century /Xam Bushmen of the Northern Cape (South Africa), extracted from a transcription of the entirety of the Bleek-Lloyd Archive. It focuses on /Xam characterization of and relationships with the various domesticated species that shared their Karoo landscape, and asks whether these relationships differ markedly from their conceptions of non-domesticated animals. Turning to the wider context of hunter-gatherer engagements with domesticates, the article concludes by proposing that, for the /Xam, domesticated fauna were part of a spectrum of differentiated resources, and did not entail an interaction with a wholly alien suite of new demands. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French [Journal abstract]
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