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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:When the military became militarised: accounts of Zimbabwean National Army deserters in exile in South Africa
Author:Maringira, Godfrey
Periodical:African Security Review (ISSN 2154-0128)
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
South Africa
Subjects:armed forces
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/10246029.2015.1121884
Abstract:In post-colonial Africa, the military has been central to sustaining freedom. However, the current political trends in Zimbabwe represent a different phenomenon, with the army perpetrating violence against its own citizens. For many years, the concept of 'militarisation' has been used to define social and political practices outside the military. Scholars have deployed the concept of militarisation as a category of analysis and practice. In doing so, scholarly writing portrays the military as an instrument of militarisation. So, who militarises the military? While scholars use the concept of militarisation to analyse other state institutions, the central argument of this paper is that the concept of militarisation has been deployed inappropriately and narrowly by scholars to refer to the appointment of military personnel in state institutions. The author argues that in the Zimbabwean post-2000 political crisis, what has in fact been militarised is the military itself as an institution - through the command and control of soldiers against their moral will - and this phenomenon is exemplified by the growing involvement of the military in the perpetration of political violence against the civilian population in Zimbabwe. This paper draws on the experiences of 44 Zimbabwe army deserters. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]