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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Biko, Hegel and the end of Black Consciousness: a historico-philosophical discourse on South African racism
Author:Lamola, M. John
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies (ISSN 1465-3893)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:black consciousness
political philosophy
About person:Stephen Bantu Biko (1946-1977)ISNI
Abstract:Black Consciousness, as seminally constructed by the South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko as a political philosophy of struggle against apartheid racism, has been subjected to a wide range of explications, which, in the main, have been from a perspective shaped by political activism. Here, in a deliberately philosophical project, the author demonstrates how the rational structure of Black Consciousness is shaped by Biko's employment of the Hegelian dialectical form as an analytical tool. The author highlights the critical conceptual value of 'black solidarity', which Biko posits as the antithetical moment, in line with the Hegelian triad. This doctrine of the self-exclusion and grouping of black people against inter-racial alliances has hitherto been submerged under the emphasis on Biko's evocative utterances on the liberation of the black mind from slave mentality. The author points out how this analytical framework, which adopts black solidarity as the antithesis to white racism, eventuates in a logical contradiction of Biko's vision that Black Consciousness' would lead to a universal non-racial consciousness, 'true humanity'. The author's claim is that this logical defect, in corroboration of Hegelian rationality, translates into a defective and ineffective political praxis. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]