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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Were there political alternatives in the wake of the Sharpeville-Langa violence in South Africa, 1960?
Author:Dubow, SaulISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History (ISSN 0021-8537)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Sharpeville massacre
anti-apartheid resistance
External link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021853714000644
Abstract:In many accounts, the Sharpeville emergency of 1960 was a key 'turning point' for modern South African history. It persuaded the liberation movements that there was no point in civil rights-style activism and served as the catalyst for the formation of the African National Congress's armed wing, 'Umkhonto we Sizwe'. From the South African government's perspective, the events at Sharpeville made it imperative to crush black resistance so that whites could defend themselves against communist-inspired revolutionary agitation. African and Afrikaner nationalist accounts are thus mutually invested in the idea that, after Sharpeville, there was no alternative. This article challenges such assumptions. By bringing together new research on African and Afrikaner nationalism during this period, and placing them in the same frame of analysis, it draws attention to important political dynamics and possibilities that have for too long been overlooked. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]