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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Regional sanctions against Burundi: the regime's argumentative self-entrapment
Author:Grauvogel, Julia
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies (ISSN 0022-278X)
Geographic term:Burundi
Subjects:economic sanctions
government policy
External link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X15000324
Abstract:This article examines the impact of regional sanctions on the trajectory of the regime following the 1996 coup in Burundi. Despite the country's socioeconomic and geopolitical vulnerability, the Buyoya government initially withstood the pressure from sanctions. Through a vocal campaign against these measures, the new government mitigated the embargo's economic consequences and partially re-established its international reputation. Paradoxically, this campaign planted the seed for long-term comprehensive political concessions. While previous literature has attributed the embargo's success to its economic impact, the government actually responded to the sanction senders' key demand to engage in unconditional, inclusive peace talks once the economy had already started to recover. Based on a novel framework for studying the signalling dimension of sanctions, the author shows how the regime's anti-sanctions campaign, with its emphasis on the government's willingness to engage in peace talks, backfired, with Buyoya forced to negotiate after having become entrapped in his own rhetoric. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]