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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Limitations and ambiguities of colonialism in Guinea-Bissau: examining the Creole and 'civilized' space in colonial society
Author:Kohl, ChristophISNI
Periodical:History in Africa (ISSN 1558-2744)
Geographic terms:Guinea-Bissau
colonial period
External link:https://doi.org/10.1017/hia.2015.27
Abstract:This paper is about the exploration of discrepancies between words and deeds of Portuguese colonial rule in Guinea-Bissau, Portugal pretending to 'integrate' and 'enable' into colonial society those individuals of African origin who were deemed to be 'civilized.' The essay illustrates potentials and limitations of margins of manoeuver of those supposedly subjected under colonial rule. Against this background the author analyzes the transformations, continuities, and ruptures of creole identities throughout time, showing how identitarian categories and classifications evolved, changed, and disappeared. It will be shown how the intersection with other identities has been a key characteristic of creole identity over time. In doing so, the analysis focuses on different areas, such as population demographics and classifications, education, and political participation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French [Journal abstract]