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Title:The role of regulatory and customary institutions to access farmland by rural youth in rural Sidama and Gedeo: the Case of Dara and Wenago Weredas, SNNPR, Ethiopia
Authors:Gizaw, ShumeteISNI
Woldetsadik, MulunehISNI
Periodical:Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities (ISSN 1810-4487)
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:agricultural land
land tenure
customary law
rural youth
land scarcity
External link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/90025
Abstract:The right to use and/or control land is central to the lives of rural populations where the main sources of livelihood are derived from agricultural land. Access to land may not be easily understood outside institutional contexts as these contexts are influential factors and land is also a natural asset in which its access is filtered through institutions. This article explores the role of customary and statutory institutions and their contributions to ensure access of rural youth to farmland in the context of the communities of Gedeo and Sidama, Ethiopia. Qualitative and quantitative data were triangulated by taking both youth and key informants as the main sources of information. The findings of the study show a somewhat 'pessimistic' picture shedding light on the hitherto neglected role of informal institutions to support the formal ones in land and other land related matters. Customary and regulatory institutions were observed to be 'conflicting' when dealing with land scarcity; both of these institutions have their own conditions, as customary practices are negotiated and the latter commanded through the rules of the game. It is the contention of this paper that both customary and statuary institutions should work in harmony and show a certain level of flexibility to reap the benefits of formal laws and to take advantage of informal institutions that are already embedded in society. Thus, as land scarcity is on the increase, identifying common interest between them seems essential to avert role confusion between customary and statutory institutions in order to own, manage and use land as well as to look for non-farming options for rural youth. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]