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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The African Students Association of America and Canada, 1941-1945
Author:Sherwood, MarikaISNI
Year:2014
Periodical:Lagos Historical Review (ISSN 1596-5031)
Volume:14
Pages:23-54
Language:English
Geographic terms:Africa
United States
Nigeria
Subjects:educational exchanges
foreign students
student movements
political history
Abstract:In 1943 African-American Roi Ottley noted in his 1943 book 'New World A-Coming', that it was 'the African Students Association [who] are keeping the issue [of the importance of Africa to the world economy] alive among American Negroes' (p.326). Some twenty years later, historian James Coleman in his book 'Nigeria: Background to Nationalism' (1986) argued that '…developments outside Nigeria had important repercussions upon the growth of postwar nationalism. These centred mainly around the activities of Nigerian students abroad.' (p.239). He then noted that the 'twenty-eight African wartime students in America, with one or two exceptions, became leaders in the nationalist movement of their respective countries' (p.244). Though the work of the West African Students Union (WASU) in London has been chronicled, there is still no full write-up of the African Students Association of America and Canada (ASA) formed in 1942 by these students. In fact, Coleman minimizes the numbers of Africans studying in the USA during the 1930s and 1940s. Who were these students? What were they studying in the USA, and when? Did they influence the USA or was the influence reciprocal? Is there any linkage between those early years and the increasing interest of the USA in Africa? Did their experiences in the USA influence the students' subsequent political activism for self-government, and perhaps even for Ibo independence? Did the students influence the newly established United Nations? This article is a chronological introduction to the activities of the African Students Association. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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