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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Accounting for gender equality in secondary school enrollment in Africa
Author:Anyanwu, John C.ISNI
Periodical:African Development Review (ISSN 1467-8268)
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:women's education
secondary education
gender inequality
gross national product
social conditions
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.12188
Abstract:In addition to analyzing the characteristics of gender equality in secondary education enrollment in Africa, this article empirically studies the key drivers of gender equality in secondary education enrollment, using cross-sectional time series data from 1970 to 2010. The results show that the coef?cient associated with the level of real GDP per capita is positive and statistically signi?cant in both the overall Africa sample and in the sub-Saharan and North African samples. But the quadratic term of real GDP per capita is negative in sign and signi?cant in the overall Africa and sub-Saharan African estimates. These provide evidence of a hump-shaped relationship between real GDP per capita and gender equality in secondary education enrollment in Africa. The results also suggest that higher share of female teachers in secondary schools, increased democracy (at a decreasing rate), higher female share of the labor force, Christian dominance in a country, higher domestic investment rate, and being an oil-exporting country increase gender equality in secondary education enrollment in the continent. However, higher population growth tends to lower it. The policy implications and lessons of these results are discussed. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]