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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Technical change and total factor productivity growth in the Tunisian manufacturing industry: a Malmquist index approach
Authors:Kalai, Maha
Helali, Kamel
Periodical:African Development Review (ISSN 1467-8268)
Geographic term:Tunisia
Subjects:technological change
economic models
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.12210
Abstract:The main objective of this study is to measure technical change and total factor productivity in the Tunisian manufacturing sector using the Malmquist index approach. Applying non-parametric frontiers techniques, we found that total factor productivity is decomposed on the basis of the technical efficiency variation and technological change for six manufacturing sectors. The results indicate that most sectors had very poor performance in terms of technological progress rate. In addition, any efficiency gain was proved to be, in large part, due to the improvement of technical rather than scale efficiency. Moreover, the total factor productivity improvement achieved, at an average rate of 1.93 per cent per year for the whole of the sample, is mainly due to the agricultural, food and chemical industries. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]