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Title:A personal issue: feminist standpoint theory, epistemologies of ignorance, and perceptions of HIV transmission among northern Tanzanian wildlife conservation professionals
Authors:Reid-Hresko, John
Goldman, MaraISNI
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies (ISSN 0008-3968)
Geographic term:Tanzania
preventive medicine
class relations
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00083968.2016.1202848
Abstract:Drawing on ten months of qualitative research from 2009/10, the authors present a case study of situated HIV transmission knowledge claims among wildlife conservation actors in northern Tanzania. Utilizing feminist standpoint theory and epistemologies of ignorance, this article explores why a single professional group consistently articulated divergent explanations of the causal forces shaping on-going HIV transmission dynamics. Elite respondents were more likely to consistently attribute viral transmission to individual-level behaviors, while non-elite conservation actors more often situated HIV transmission dynamics in relation to extra-personal structural forces. This case study reveals the experiential grounding of HIV-related knowledge claims; illuminates the partiality of authoritative knowledge and the intersections of practices of power, embodied understandings and socio-structural location with hierarchical matrices of status and privilege; disrupts the presumed accuracy of certain forms of knowledge by foregrounding the insights of those in positions of subordination; and exposes ineffectual HIV/AIDS interventions in northern Tanzania. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]