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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The changing religious composition of Nigeria: causes and implications of demographic divergence
Authors:Stonawski, Marcin
Potanc?oková, Michaela
Cantele, Matthew
Skirbekk, Vegard
Year:2016
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies (ISSN 0022-278X)
Volume:54
Issue:3
Pages:361-387
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:fertility
demographic change
religion
Link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X16000409
Abstract:At nearly 170 million inhabitants, Nigeria is Africa's most populous country by twofold and fertility levels remain higher than most other sub-Saharan African nations. Throughout the last several decades, the fertility gap between Christians and Muslims has widened with significant political implications for a nascent democracy. Where the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) survey of 1990 revealed a non-significant difference of 0.3 children, this figure had increased to 2.3 children by 2013. As the total fertility rate (TFR) of Christians decreased significantly from 6.1 to 4.5 children per woman between 1990 and 2013, the TFR of Muslims increased from 6.4 to 6.8 children per woman. The timing of this divergence coincides with the formal institutionalization of Sharia law in 1999. We examine the role of religion on education, contraception and family behaviour. Finally, we touch upon the implications for population growth and the religious composition of Nigeria in the coming decades. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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