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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Whither the state? Mining codes and mineral resource governance in Africa
Author:Ambe-Uva, Terhemba
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies (ISSN 0008-3968)
Geographic terms:Africa
Subjects:mineral resources
mining policy
natural resource management
mining law
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00083968.2016.1277148
Abstract:In contrast to the early post-independence era in which African states predominantly controlled the mining sector, the 1980s saw African countries update their mining codes to attract foreign capital. These reform measures largely diminished the power of the state, either resulting in its 'selective silence' or its retraction. However, after three waves of these reforms, the disparity between natural resources and sustainable development has continued to widen. Two theories offer a nuanced approach to understanding the state of flux of mining codes and mineral governance in Africa: governance theory and the developmental state theory. This article argues that the activist, interventionist state is making a comeback in mineral resource governance throughout Africa. Moreover, regional initiatives such as the African Mining Vision represent a fundamental departure in mineral governance. However, such initiatives will only bring development to the extent that they are owned by African governments and backed by local communities. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]