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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Fresh challenges faced on the ground by the Kingdom of the Sky: a quest for peace, harmony and stability
Authors:Saha, Tushar Kanti
Gray, RosemaryISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Renaissance Studies (ISSN 1753-7274)
Geographic term:Lesotho
Subjects:political stability
coups d'état
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/18186874.2017.1335705
Abstract:This article argues that Lesotho's landlocked position, which inhibits trade and results in enclaves of the poor, not only leads to its dependency on South Africa, but also contributes to its instability. It points out that destabilisation remains a problem in spite of Lesotho having served as an excellent model of peaceful transfer of power in a strengthened democratic arena under its 1993 Constitution, as the country had just celebrated 20 years of relative peace. However, despite the 1991 Windhoek Declaration military coups, violence, violation of both human rights and human security continue to contribute to instability in Lesotho, requiring the frequent intervention of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and especially so following the attempted coup in 2014. Lesotho's Coalition government, which is a prime-ministerial form of government, is discussed in some detail in this article. The role of peacekeeping forces is also examined. The article recommends demilitarisation as the only practical, viable and long term solution to the problem of recurring coups in this country. The authors conclude that a sustained campaign against corrupt activities by government, though laudable, has somewhat surprisingly served to weaken the foundation of the Coalition in Lesotho. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]