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Title:Rethinking xenophobia in the wake of human insecurity in South Africa
Author:Chivurugwi, Josphat
Periodical:Journal for Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences (ISSN 2026-7215)
Geographic term:South Africa
migration policy
Abstract:This article analyses the impact of xenophobic attacks which have rocked South Africa over the past few years, arguing that it has exhibited another human insecurity turning point. The traditional state-centric security conceptions that focus primarily on the safety of the state from military aggression has shifted attention to the security of individuals. The xenophobic violence which was witnessed after South Africa attained independence in 1994, led scholars of international relations to surmise that the human security conceptual framework should advocate for a paradigm shift of attention from a state-security approach to a people-centered approach to security. The main objective of this article is to assess the effects of the xenophobic attacks which erupted periodically and affected the political and economic security sectors of South Africa. The author adopts a qualitative approach and makes use of documentary search, observation methods and in-depth interviews. The article reveals that xenophobic attacks against foreigners in South Africa have affected peaceful traditional relations which were in existence between immigrants and citizens. The article concludes that peace and security in South Africa is under threat, and the African National Congress government needs to formulate new immigration laws that regulate the influx of foreigners to avoid xenophobic attacks. The author advocates for constructive engagements where both migrants and citizens participate equally in the economic sector in South Africa, as opposed to a situation where foreigners dominate. These would be migratory measures to resolve the differences between migrants and the citizens. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]