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Periodical article Periodical article
Title:Rethinking the Impact of Structural Adjustment Programs on Human Rights Violations in West Africa
Author:Fonjong, Lotsmart
Year:2014
Periodical:Perspectives on Global Development and Technology (ISSN 1569-1500)
Volume:13
Issue:1-2
Pages:87-110
Language:English
Geographic term:West Africa
Subjects:human rights
structural adjustment
offences against human rights
World Bank
IMF
Link:https://doi.org/10.1163/15691497-12341291
Abstract:In this article I argue that the worsening human rights situation of West Africa in the early 1990s was largely the creation of the structural adjustment policies (SAP) of the IMF/World Bank. The austerity measures implemented through SAP plunged the region into hardship, forcing the population to demand better living conditions through public demonstrations and protests. Attempts by the West African states to contain protesters led to further human rights abuses. The implementation of a common liberalization policy across board without taking into account the specificities of each country was counterproductive. In fact, some of the excesses recorded could have been avoided if SAPs had been country specific and human rights-based.
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