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Periodical article Periodical article
Title:HIV/AIDS and Economic Development: Evidence from Thirty-Nine Sub-Saharan Countries
Authors:Kahende, Jennifer W.
Hoch, Irving
Year:2008
Periodical:Perspectives on Global Development and Technology (ISSN 1569-1500)
Volume:7
Issue:2
Pages:151-173
Language:English
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:AIDS
education
health education
women's education
health care
Link:https://doi.org/10.1163/156914908X318492
Abstract:This paper (1) examines whether there is a bilateral relationship between HIV/AIDS and economic development; (2) estimates the impact of HIV/AIDS on economic development; and (3) identifies some of the factors affecting the spread of HIV/AIDS. Analyses are based on data from 39 sub-Saharan African countries for the period 1989-1998. HIV/AIDS negatively impacted economic development, with no evidence of a reciprocal relation. Expenditures on health and education as well as political freedom had positive impacts on development, but negative impacts on HIV/AIDS incidence. Expenditures on female education impacted development and HIV/AIDS incidence.
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