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Book Book
Title:Biographies of Radicalization: Hidden Messages of Social Change
Editor:Bruijn, Mirjam deISNI
City of publisher:Berlin
Publisher:De Gruyter Oldenbourg
ISBN:9783110620092; 9783110623628
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
social change
Abstract:The term 'radicalization' immediately evokes images of extremism, Muslim fundamentalism, and violence. The phenomenon is considered one of the evil forces triggering acts of terrorism and conflicts around the world. These notions also colour the way we view Sub-Saharan Africa since the Boko Haram uprising in Nigeria in 2009 and the spillover consequences of the Libyan civil war in 2012. This books aims to broaden our understanding of radicalization. It searches for the deeper wellsprings of radicalization as a force not only negative in outcome, but also pregnant with opportunities and vital to social and political change. Following an opening reflection by a slam artist on the phenomenon of radicalization, the book presents four case studies from the past and six from the present day. The studies are drawn mainly from Sub-Saharan Africa, with one from the Netherlands. By focusing on 'biographies of radicalization' the book investigates the history of the phenomenon, the form it takes, and the pathways that lead a person to become radicalized. Rather than focus on chronological accounts of events, the emphasis is on exploring personal trajectories and inside stories. The last three chapters examine pathways out of radicalization, ending with a report on youth in Dakar who directly engage with problematic issues in society and creatively harness the energy for change without becoming violent radicals.