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Periodical article Periodical article
Title:Development and Validation of the Kilifi Epilepsy Beliefs and Attitude Scale
Authors:Mbuba, C.K.
Abubakar, A.
Hartley, S.
Odermatt, P.
Newton, C.R.
Carter, J.A.
Periodical:Epilepsy and Behavior
Geographic term:Kenya
Discipline:Health & Nutrition
Belief Systems
Abstract:Epilepsy remains misunderstood, particularly in resource poor countries (RPC). We developed and validated a tool to assess beliefs and attitudes about epilepsy among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. The 50-item scale was developed through a literature review and qualitative study findings, and its reliability and validity were assessed with 673 PWE. A final scale of 34 items had Cronbach's alpha scores for the five subscales: causes of epilepsy (a = 0.71); biomedical treatment of epilepsy (a = 0.70); cultural treatment of epilepsy (a = 0.75); risk and safety concerns about epilepsy (a = 0.56); and negative attitudes about epilepsy (a = 0.76) and entire scale (a = 0.70). Test-retest reliability was acceptable for all the subscales. The Kilifi Epilepsy Beliefs and Attitude Scale is a reliable and valid tool that measures beliefs and attitudes about epilepsy. It may be useful in other RPC or as a tool to assess the effectiveness of interventions to improve knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about epilepsy. (Journal Abstract).