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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Facing Mount Kenya or Facing Mecca? The Mungiki, Ethnic Violence and the Politics of the Moi Succession in Kenya, 1987-2002
Author:Kagwanja, Peter M.ISNI
Year:2003
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Volume:102
Issue:406
Period:January
Pages:25-49
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:Kikuyu
political violence
militias
Religion and Witchcraft
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3518395
Abstract:Kenya's return to pluralist politics in the early 1990s saw the eruption of political violence that has since laid siege to human rights and democracy. This article discusses the Mungiki movement which, like the Mau Mau movement that waged armed struggle against the British in the 1950s, has sprouted among the Kikuyu. It examines Mungiki within the broader theoretical context of competitive electoral politics and political violence in contemporary Kenya. In addition to tracing the movement's religious and ideological roots, the article shows how 'informal repression' or quasi-legitimization of sectarian violence for political ends by the State, has transformed a 'moral ethnic' movement into a 'politically tribal' one. As a contribution to the academic debate on Mungiki, the article draws on the rich public debate in Kenya and the author's close study of the movement in 2001-2. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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